It is official. 2020 is the second hottest year on the planet, with 2019 falling to the third hottest year, according to NOAA scientists.
The average land-ocean surface temperature on Earth in 2020 was 1.76 degrees F (0.98 degrees F) higher than the average of 0.04 degrees F (0.02 degrees C) in 2016. from the record.
The Northern Hemisphere recorded its hottest year at a record high of 2.30 degrees F (1.28 degrees C) above the 20th century average.
The seven hottest years in the world have taken place since 2014, and the hottest 10 years have taken place since 2005.
It was also the 44th consecutive year on Earth with global land-ocean temperatures, at least nominally, above the mid-20th century, according to scientists at the NOAA National Center for Environmental Information.
2020, according to the rating of other scientific organizations
NASA scientists, who conducted a separate but similar analysis, decided that 2020 connects 2016 as the hottest year on record, dividing the first place.
Copernicus scientists also have 2020 as the hottest year in 2016, while the UK Met Office ranked 2020 as the second hottest year on record.
Sea ova ice condition
Average annual for 2020 Arctic sea ice The size (coverage) was approximately 3.93 million square miles և connects 2016 to the smallest recorded. The five smallest areas of the Arctic per year have occurred in the last five years (2016-20).
Annual: Antarctic sea ice The area averaged about 4.44 million square miles.
NOAA additional results
- World tropical cyclones set a record in 2020In total, 103 storms occurred around the world in 2020. ) և Storms, which is more than twice as common.
- The oceans were extremely warm2020 The annual global sea surface temperature was the third highest on record, above the 20th century average of 1.37 degrees F (0.76 degrees Celsius). Only 2016 և 2019 were warmer. Record high sea temperatures have been observed in some parts of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans.
- In the northern hemisphere saw a thin layer of snowThe annual snow cover of the Northern Hemisphere for 2020 was 9.31 million square miles. This was the fourth smallest snow cover in the 1967–2020 record.
- December 2020Last month’s average temperature on the global land-ocean surface was 1.40 degrees F (0.7 degrees C) above the 20th century average, making it the eighth hottest December in 1880–2020.